It is easy to sidestep frank conversation about race, class, gender and sexuality, and disabilities. But if our children are to be justice-makers, we must talk.

Children naturally notice racial and cultural differences and economic, social, and other disparities. Make it your mission to affirm their questions. Give truthful answers as best you can; admit what you do not know. Model lifelong learning. Together with your kids, ask, “What can we do about it?”

Interpersonal, internalized, social, and systemic oppressions affect anyone who holds a marginalized identity, and many people hold several (this is called “intersectionality,” explained in this animated video from Teaching Tolerance). Meanwhile, members of dominant groups act on internalized messages of superiority, which feeds racism and other injustices. Build your own self-awareness of the identities and privileges you hold.

Check out this collection of resources to help you and your children, in age-appropriate ways, to name the dynamics of oppression and explore how we can change them.